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Different Types of Home Foundations

Different Types of Home Foundations

Types Of Home Foundations

The choice regarding the foundation of a home is dependent on the soil type at the construction site. If the soil condition is poor, then you may need a deep foundation. If the soil condition is ideal, then you will need only a shallow foundation. Another factor to consider while choosing the foundation is the climate. Some types of foundations do not perform well in cold temperatures or flooding. You may consult a professional to determine which type of foundation is best for you. Following are the different types of home foundations.

Poured concrete foundations

This the most common type of foundation. A concrete slab is constructed by pouring a few inches of concrete with thicker edges to provide support. The concrete is poured all at one time. The slab usually rests on a bed of crushed gravel. This actually improves drainage. This foundation is ideal for places where the ground does not freeze in the winter season.

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Frost-protected foundations

Extreme temperatures can cause damage to concrete. A frost-protected foundation can protect the concrete from damage. A foundation that is constructed in the shape of a T is the traditional choice for cold places. This foundation method gives additional support for a concrete slab foundation with concrete footings that extend below the frost line. A frost-protected shallow foundation provides protection without digging below the frost line. It utilizes insulated concrete to protect the slab foundation from damage caused by frost.

Permanent wood foundations

Treated lumber and plywood can be used as an alternate material for the basement, crawl space, and stem wall foundations. Woods that are preservative-treated, light in weight, and resistant to decay are used to make wood foundations. Permanent wood foundations are convenient since they do not require casting or concrete pouring. Also, the foundations are resistant to moisture and are easy to insulate.

Raised foundations

Ideal for coastal areas where flooding is common, raised foundations require careful and meticulous planning. They have to support the house and provide moisture protection. Raised foundations are of two types.

  • Pair and beam foundation – It uses brick blocks or concrete, reinforced with footings. The blocks are installed approximately eight to twelve inches apart. This will raise the home above the flood line.
  • Stem wall foundation – It is similar to the pair and beam foundation, except that it has continuous footings instead of spaced.

The foundation is the most important part of your home. It deserves your highest focus and attention. If the foundation is not constructed properly, you will have to deal with an extensive, and expensive foundation repair in the future. Always look out for foundation cracks to identify issues with the foundation, so that you can take care of it as soon as possible before it becomes a big issue.